Simple Score Voting — Democracy Was Always Sabotaged

Tricky Systems and Esoteric Technologies Are Hopelessly Insecure Whenever They Mediate any Contest Between a Minority of Powerful People and a Majority of Relatively Powerless Ones — blues

If Only I Had Simple Score Voting…

“Daring ideas are like chessmen moved forward. They may be beaten, but they may start a winning game.” — Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
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It’s very helpful to expose the fake liberals and the dupe liberals, etc, who infest politics, the media, and the Internet. But nonetheless, they are a small minority. The true Modern Era Liberals are vastly more numerous, but most of them just don’t bother with politics at all. Why should they? They have no power, and they are intelligent enough to realize it’s simply not worth their while. It would be easy to draw the silent modern era liberals (and modern era conservatives also) back into political discourse with one very simple reform. Read more »

Note: At present, anybody can comment on articles totally anonymously. But comments will not appear until I approve them. This might take about 24 hours (or less). You may simply ignore the prompt to “Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:”. But you might want to fill in the “Name” slot with a screen name. (Or even fill in other optional slots. You could give your email address if you want me — and only me — to know it.)

I haven’t posted often in the past few weeks. If you have the Firefox browser, you can use the time-saving Sage RSS feed notifier to instantly check for new articles! Get this add-on by going to:

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/sage/

—› Add to Firefox —› Right-click on my “Subcribe to RSS” icon —› Left-click on Copy Link Location —› Left-click on the Sage “leaf” icon —› Right-click in the white area —› New Bookmark —› Location —› Right-click —› Paste (the address from my “Subcribe to RSS” icon) —› Left-Click on Add —› All Done. This all takes five minutes, and it will amaze you!

I will finish section 3.0 of “All About Energy — Age Of Abundance, Productional Flameout, Or Grid Collapse?” soon, discussing the phenomenon of productional flameout. But first I intend to discuss the (very odd) nature of “IRV” election methods (as soon as I can).

Christmas Is Great. Now Let’s Upgrade Groundhog Day!

::: by blues :::

I live in the Northern U.S., where:

“What you can’t thrive in is the freaking cold and its crappy rainy snowy weather and bad road conditions and whatnot. Food doesn’t grow, it runs and you have to chase it through mud and cold and blah, screw it all. Give me summer any day. The four seasons should be called Spring, Summer, Fall, and Hell.” — Graham Bradley

And winter hell really begins in earnest on Dec 25th — Christmas Day. It just does. And it ends 82 days later, on March 17th — Saint Patrick’s Day. So the half-way mark is 41 days. Well, Groundhog Day is 39 days later, on February 2nd, which is close enough. (Forget Valentine’s Day, 51 days later; all that sugar is bad for you.) If the celebration of Groundhog Day was as important as Christmas, which it should be, the mid-winter hell would be far more bearable.

So it is most important to build up the celebration of Groundhog Day! (The groundhog is really a huge squirrel that burrows in the earth.) Take the day off. Scatter nuts and raisins out for the hungry critters. Sing groundhog chants at the town hall.

This would make everything so much better!

Maybe We Could Start Here

Groundhog Day Festival Site:

http://www.groundhog.org/

Recipe for a Groundhog Day “Dirt” Feast:

1 3/4 cups water
1 cup BLACK rice (some black rice is sticky, and is thus said to be “glutinous,” but it contains no actual gluten. It will blacken the other ingredients.)
1 cup chopped onion
2 tablespoon olive oil or butter
1 cup sliced celery
1 cup chopped mushrooms
1/2 teaspoon salt

Cook together like rice until the rice is done. Easy.

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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Germany Has Party List Proportional Representation. Too Bad

::: by blues :::

With Germany’s party list proportional representation (List PR) in the Bundestag, the most significant legislative body in Germany, the voters only get to vote for parties (a feature of proportional representation) rather than candidates. Generally, the actual representatives are chosen by party bosses, not by the people. The Germans despise quite a lot of what their so-called “elected” government does. But they have no real say.

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ACE Electoral Knowledge Network — Advantages and disadvantages of List PR

http://aceproject.org/ace-en/topics/es/esd/esd02/esd02c/esd02c01/

Disadvantages of List PR:

[….]

Excessive entrenchment of power within party headquarters and in the hands of senior party leaderships—especially in closed-list systems. A candidate’s position on the party list, and therefore his or her likelihood of success, is dependent on currying favour with party bosses, while their relationship with the electorate is of secondary importance. In an unusual twist to the List PR system, in Guyana parties publish their list of candidates not ranked but simply ordered alphabetically. This allows party leaders even more scope to reward loyalty and punish independence because seats are only allocated to individuals once the result of the vote is known.

[….]
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(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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We Ain’t Got No Workers No More — Simply Demand Power!

::: by blues :::

Please forget about the “worker power” baloney. They are an historical artifact; They don’t exist anymore. In the U.S. today, you are damn lucky to get $7.25 per hour, with no “benefits.” And you’re really lucky if it’s 40 hours. But most of us don’t really get even that. This is because, since Reagan and Clinton we have FREE trade, so we we get to compete with the Chinese Foxconn workers who have to be restrained from jumping to their deaths with huge nets. So there are no longer enough indispensable workers to protest their political rape by means of general strikes. Do yourself and every one a favor, and give the power back to the masses. If you can’t trust the masses who can you trust?

The supreme court? HAHAHAHAHA! They protect ONE minority — the 1%, and give to gays on the same day that they take back from blacks, and vice versa. Get a simple type of score voting — it really is that simple. Learn about and demand the simple (and well-known to some) score voting method. Get rid of single-selection voting. IRV voting, for example, has been funded by Soros, Rockefeller Bros., Carnegie-Mellon, Ford foundation, etc. Yet even Ralph Nader has been duped into supporting it! IRV makes artful (strategic) voting impossible. With that, if you “rank” Nader one notch above Gore (no “hero” for sure), and Gore gets 50% of the vote (but not quite 50% +1), then in the next cycle, the biggest loser’s hero gets “eliminated” and their votes get advanced to their second (ranked) choice, and Nader gets 51% of the vote, but Bush gets 53%, and thus wins! (The percentages can add up to more than 100.) (And since you are not among the eliminated biggest losers, your second-rank choice is just tossed out anyway.) This is even worse than our current single-selection (so-called “plurality”) voting method.

Compare simple score voting with all the other methods. You get to give from 1 to 10 votes to each of up to maybe 20 candidates. Simple paper ballots may simply be added up by hand counting — no riggable vote casting or counting machines are needed. This encourages artful (strategic) voting. If you give some candidate 8 or 9 votes instead of 10, you know that you will only sacrifice 20% or 10% of your vote for him or her. This eliminates the spoiler effect by at least 90%, which is far better than what any other (reasonably simple) method achieves. You don’t need to be any mathematician to see how much simpler this is than all the other convoluted methods!

This would completely end the two-party system. There would be few or no more corrupt Democrats and Republicans.

All of the fancy election methods websites insist on artless (“honest,” “sincere,” “vote your conscience”) voting. Only lowly voters are required to sustain such a level of absurd “integrity” by all the “election methods” websites (except mine). If you go to an auction, do you refuse to bid less than what you think an item is worth?

Political scientists have known about the power of simple score voting for hundreds of years. They have perpetrated the biggest conspiracy in history.

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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How To Get Ready To Back Up Your Hard Drive

::: by blues :::
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Backup folder conventions (Windows and Linux):

Some users will not know the meaning of a few of the terms used here, but that should not be a problem.

For Windows, an Indispensable Administrator User account, say “User-a”, must always be available to manage the operating system. There should also exist a Limited User account, say “User-b”, for everyday use, which is far less susceptible to malware infections, since it cannot be used to install most programs. Most ordinary data files should be in the Limited User account, which is easy to access. Avoid using the “All Users” account, which can be excessively difficult to access efficiently.

(Note: Moving all established data into a Limited User account may require too much effort in older or heavily used systems. But new data should probably be set up in the manner described here to simplify back-ups.)

Note: It is not known to be safe (particularly on Windows systems) to have more than 255 characters in any given entire path! (One could lose some data.)

Abbreviations that may be used:

• “Pcl” stands for “Parcel”. Parcel folders contain backup data. Parcels can be very large, or very small pieces of data. (Example: “Pcl130906-1-Pt13″).
• The date and the “-1″ at the end of “Pcl130906-1″ indicates the name of the parcel itself.
• “Pt” stands for “Parcel Part”. I would suggest that the size of each parcel part should be from about 650MB to no more than 695MB (always “trust” the largest file-size number shown in any “Properties” dialog box).
• “Saved” stands for “Saved Parcel Part” (already backed up). It is followed by a number “xx” to indicate which particular disk it is to be copied to. The second part “-xxxxx” is a random string that allows the folder name to remain undetermined until a final decision about which particular disk it is to be copied to (indicated by “xx”) is decided after the parcel parts are divided up (to avoid mixing up any names).
• “UnSav” stands for “Unsaved Parcel Part” (not already backed up). “Saved” should be renamed to “UnSav” after a backup has been completed, but “-xxxxx” (that is, the actual random string) should remain intact.
• “Final” stands for “Final Parcel Part”.
• “N-Fin” stands for “Nonfinal Parcel Part”.
• “Desc” stands for “Description”, indicates start of a description line in a “description path” that does not contain backup files. This easily shows what is within the corresponding parcel folders. (This is easy to see when the folders are opened.)
• “DevDrvPtn#-X-Y-Z” stands for “Device”, “Drive Unit”, Drive Partition”. The “X” names the computer or unit the drive is in, the “Y” names the whole drive, the “Z” names a partition on the drive.
• “Usr#” indicates an individual user.
• “Ltd” indicates a limited user (for Windows).
• “Adm” indicates an administrator user (for Windows).
• “Cat#” indicates data categories.
• “Val-” indicates the relative importance of the data, rated from 1 to 9.
• “Dummy.txt” prevents paths from terminating in empty folders.
• “BkupInf.txt” prevents paths from terminating in empty folders. May contain the text of this schema.
• “Cont” stands for “Content”. It indicates the data contents directory of a parcel part.
• “T-mp” stands for “Temporary” (but not to be automatically deleted). It indicates an extra “temporary parcel” that allows for flexibility during sorting. It’s probably best to place the oldest files and folders in the lowest numbered parcel parts.

When arranging parcel parts, make each parcel part between about 650 and 695 megabytes in size (able to fit CDs), or less if convenient; that is currently a reasonable maximum size.

Here are examples of insertable pre-fashioned path strings (for backups) (illustrated for Windows) (BE SURE to insert them into the original paths (series of folders) to maintain file priviledge security). The “description” path is inserted with its coresponding folder path to easily show what the folder path contains without using a string that exceeds the 255 character limit:

C:\Documents and Settings\User-a\Pcl130724-1\Pt01_UnSav-11-e3Aqy\Cont\ Dummy.txt
C:\Documents and Settings\Usr-a\Pcl130724-1\Pt01_UnSav-11-e3Aqy\Desc_Final_DevDrvPtn#-Dell-MastrDr-Win1_Usr#-Adm-Peter_Cat#-Pics-Vids_Val-7\BkupInf.txt
C:\Documents and Settings\User-a\Pcl130724-1\Pt01_UnSav-11-e3Aqy\T-mp\Dummy.txt

Below are some pre-fashioned template strings for insertion into appropriate paths (be sure to insert them into the original paths to maintain file priviledge security) (The second part “-xxxxx” after “UnSav” should immediately be filled with a random five character string to prevent the attempted insertion of “same-string” paths; comprised of the “easy-to-read” upper and lower case characters plus numerals, such strings can provide 47^5 = 229,345,007 combinations).

I use the “PWGen” program with the “<easytoread>” Character set, from SourceForge.net. And 12 character passwords (they will have upper and lower case letters and numerals). Its Windows, but works well with Linux’s Wine.

Pre-fashioned template strings for insertion into appropriate paths (be sure to insert them into the original paths to maintain file privilege security):

….\Pclyymmdd-1\Pt01_UnSav-xx-xxxxx\Cont\Dummy.txt

….\Pclyymmdd-1\Pt01_UnSav-xx-xxxxx\Desc_Final_DevDrvPtn#-Dell-MastrDr-Win1_Usr#-Adm-Peter_Cat#-Pics-Vids_Val-x\BkupInf.txt

….\Pclyymmdd-1\Pt01_UnSav-xx-xxxxx\T-mp\Dummy.txt

Easy-to-insert directories to form path strings (directory or folder names are placed between the “$$” pairs “$$….$$”):

$$Pclyymmdd-1$$ $$Pt01_UnSav-xx-xxxxx$$ $$Cont$$ $$Dummy.txt$$

$$Pclyymmdd-1$$ $$Pt01_UnSav-xx-xxxxx$$ $$Desc_Final_DevDrvPtn#-Dell-MastrDr-Win1_Usr#-Adm-Peter_Cat#-Pics-Vids_Val-x$$
$$BkupInf.txt$$

$$Pclyymmdd-1$$ $$Pt01_UnSav-xx-xxxxx$$ $$T-mp$$ $$Dummy.txt$$

Some “Desc” strings may be followed by “N-Fin” (for “non-final”), but at least one will be followed by “Final”.

There will be three path strings in each backup location:

1) The “Cont”, or content path string that inserts a named folder before the files and folders that are to actually be backed up. This is the only path that actually contains large, backed-up files and folders in the actual backups.

2) The “Desc” string that will make it easy to read a description of the information that is held within the folders that are preceded by the “simple” path string. It contains only a very tiny amount of data.

3) The “T-mp” string that will make it easy to “shuffle” and organize the backup files and folders prior to backups. It contains only a very tiny amount of data after the backup data has been organized.

All three of these three path strings should remain after each backup; but the date in their names should be returned to “yymmdd” so as to alter Windows shortcuts or Linux links as little as possible.

Simply begin inserting the “empty template” backup folders into folders that typically exist in the computer.

Non-system personal data files and folders may be moved into backup folders with modified paths, and allowed to remain there for future backup convenience; but not system, and not program-requisite files and folders, which must not be moved, only copied (if desired). (Some of these are data files and are very important to save, however.) The non-system personal data files and folders can be permanently moved into modified-path backup folders; however Windows shortcut files or Linux link files would need to be modified to accomodate the new folder locations.

When you back up, rename “yymmdd” to the current date, back up, then revert to “yymmdd”. And “Saved” should be renamed to “UnSav” after each backup job has been completed, but “-xxxxx” (that is, the actual random string, for example “e3Aqy”) should remain intact. Nonetheless, do make a list of any “special” path changes that are made during new backups.

Everything will remain organized. You can back up everything to a set of DVD-Rs, while leaving your system ready for the next backup.

This works in Windows and Linux.

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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Friday Market Collapse? ATM Technical Difficulties?

::: by blues :::
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The Independent [News Website, UK] — Friday 21 June 2013 — Markets plunge in fear of end to US money-printing

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/markets-plunge-in-fear-of-end-to-us-moneyprinting-8665945.html

Traders and investors around the world began selling stocks and bonds yesterday, sucking money out of global markets after the US Federal Reserve signalled that it could begin rolling back its bond-buying programme later this year and end it altogether around next summer.

The prospect sent investors rushing for the exit at such speed that, in New York, both the S&P 500 and the Dow Jones Industrial Average recorded their worst daily declines since 2011. The Dow fell by 353.87 points, down 2.3 per cent, to 14,758.3, while the S&P 500 dropped by 2.5 per cent to 1,588.19.
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Experts say “bank holidays” (no withdrawals) would begin on a Friday.

The sky may be falling.

Could be a Very Bad Thing. Your money could disappear, as happened in Greece.

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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Post Liberation Society Has Exposed The Info-Serfs To Gross Info-Inequity With The Info-Lords

::: by blues :::

Post liberation society has exposed the info-serfs to gross info-inequity with the info-lords. They can listen to all of our phone calls. Nearly every picture, mp3 audio, video recording, etc. contains hidden “steganographic” data about where it was taken (via GPS), the device’s media access codes (telling where it was bought, often with credit card info, etc.). Just posting a photo with hidden personal info on the Internet can let “certain people” know everything about you! The info-lords know everything, while their activities are totally hidden from the info-serfs by security clearance secrecy.

Go to any Walmart anywhere; look up; see 300 video cameras, of course. You are going to be recorded by at least five of them at any given time in there, and you damn well know it. Or go serf-walking down Main Street; in many, many cities and towns you are now subject to being an observee to the info-lords. And you know it; you are an info-serf on a technotronic plantation.

Indeed, welcome to the mass observation culture, where an eleet ruling patrician observer class oversees the submissive subordinate observee class. The wealthy info-eleet will be entertained by the spectacle of our misery. The relationship will be non-reciprocal with no info-equity at all. All information about the wealthy info-eleet will be classified Top Secret, and censored by the mediums that they control. so the info-pleb observees will never be allowed to know what the eleet are doing and enjoying.

So what are we waiting for? let’s even the score. Let’s outlaw all those cameras at Walmart and on city streets. Hire a few of us peasants to watch over things. Prices will go up a little, but very little. How much is it worth to you to be out of sight of the super-rich info-lords and their deputies, and not be an info-whore?

While we’re at it, lets demand info-equity! Lets demand that every room in the White House, and in every police station, everywhere, should have a camera and microphone, and that we should all be able to watch them all the time on TV. Why not? What good are their precious secrets? Did the protect us from 9/11? No. Did they protect us from the Boston Marathon bombing? No. It’s a complete joke; their secrets can’t protect us from anything, and they are just too busy cashing in on their corruption to be bothered with our welfare anyway. They don’t need or want to protect us.

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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Fusion. Not Carbon

::: by blues :::

Here’s why I don’t worry about CO2:

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Focus Fusion Society — What is Focus Fusion?

http://focusfusion.org/index.php/site/category/C36/

“Focus Fusion” is the aneutronic fusion of hydrogen & boron (pB11) fuel using the Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) to create the greenest energy imaginable. Can it be done? We’ll know when the LPP Experiment is done.

[….]

“a-neutronic” = “no neutrons”. The ideal fusion reaction generates essentially no neutrons, ergo no radiation and no weapons capacity. This is not your grandpa’s fusion.
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Focus Fusion Society — Could A Deuterium-Boron Fusion Reactor Be Used To Produce H2O2 As A Fuel? — by blues

http://focusfusion.org/index.php/forums/viewthread/393/

I’m not a physicist or chemist, but come from an electronics background, and have done some “amateur” projects in math and linguistics. I’m retired now, and mainly do political and economics blogging. In my blogging, I took a special interest in the energy issue and began a quest to find the best possible means of obtaining and storing energy. The info I was able to find on the web began to look rather grim.

There are multiple complex problems with both the production and storage of energy, which turn out to be distinct issues. And even efficient systems of energy storage tend to be either too heavy to be portable, require exotic materials that will soon become scarce, are too toxic, produce “sludges” or solids that are very difficult to manage or recycle, etc. I also observed that there is a distinction between “soft” and “hard” energy. Soft energy can be used to provide warmth and light in buildings, but you cannot, for example, melt steel with it, and modern industry requires hard energy. Hard energy is intense, or “focused.” For example, bituminous coal does not burn hot enough to melt steel — it’s energy is too soft, so it must be converted to coke, which does burn hot enough — it produces harder energy. A narrow light beam is harder than a wide or diffuse light beam, even if they represent the same quantity of energy — so it can melt substances.

After reviewing many ways to store and use energy, such a burning lithium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, lithium hydride or boron hydride, etc., I found that they generally produce “sludges” or solids, which interfere with their utilization, and are often quite caustic. Many people are trying to find ways to store pure hydrogen, but it easily leaks through containers, and other storage methods require exotic substances or tremendous pressurization. Then I hit upon “high test” (over 60% to 90% pure) hydrogen peroxide, or H2O2, which actually seems to be the most reasonable fuel available. It’s ignition produces only pure water and oxygen. Another other storage possibility would be compressed air, which seems practical in some ways, but its “energy density” is sadly low.

H2O2 is not a “perfect” fuel, but it is pretty good. It always is “contaminated” with some water (H2O), which acts as a mild catalyzer, (normally) slowly transforming it into more H2O and oxygen (O2), but there are many good stabilizers, such as sodium stannate. However, when high test H2O2 rapidly decomposes into H2O and O2, the reaction is very energetic, so energetic that it has been used to power rockets. Yet, in the absence of catalyzers, it is no more dangerous to handle than gasoline. It explodes upon contact with silver (acting as a catalyst), and could probably function as a carbon-free substitute for gasoline in automobiles! The oxygen exhaust would presumably be “sacrificed,” but I think it would be wise to cool, retain and recycle the resultant water vapor.

It seems reasonable to guess that the power of a deuterium-boron fusion reactor could be used to produce H2O2, possibly even directly by projecting electrons and/or X-rays directly into ordinary water! (I have already posted articles about this in Free Speech Zone Blog, Pffugee Camp, and Culture of Life News.) Improved methods of generating H2O2 are currently being investigated by groups of chemists. See:

ScienceDaily (Mar. 3, 2009):

Gold-Palladium Nanoparticles Achieve Greener, Smarter Production Of Hydrogen Peroxide
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Phys.org — Tests find Rossi’s E-Cat has an energy density at least 10 times higher than any conventional energy source

http://phys.org/news/2013-05-rossi-e-cat-energy-density-higher.html

(Phys.org) —In the ongoing saga of Andrea Rossi’s energy catalyzer (E-Cat) that promises clean, cheap power for the world, the latest events continue to bring as many questions as answers. Several scientists have performed supposedly independent tests of two E-Cat prototypes under controlled conditions and using high-precision instrumentation. In a paper posted at arXiv.org, the researchers write that, even by the most conservative of measurements, the E-Cat produces excess heat with a resulting energy density that is at least 1 order of magnitude—and possibly several—higher than any other conventional energy source, including gasoline.

Of the seven scientists who authored the paper, two are from Italy (Giuseppe Levi at Bologna University and Evelyn Foschi of Bologna, Italy) and five are from Sweden (Torbjörn Hartman, Bo Höistad, Roland Pettersson and Lars Tegnér at Uppsala University; and Hanno Essén at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm).
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Climate issues are probably insignificant in comparison with fresh water depletion and desertification. About 1/3rd of the ocean rise in recent decades is the result of humans draining fresh aquifer (deep underground) water into the oceans. For example, we are emptying the Ogallala Aquifer to grow corn, for example. When the fresh water’s gone, we will have no more abundant corn. We used to use lead to make gasoline work, by increasing its ability to withstand compression before detonating (its octain), but it was poisoning the environment. So we switched to the chemical MTBE, but that turned out to be almost as toxic. Now we use ethanol made from corn to achieve the necessary octane levels. So now at least 25% of corn is used to power motor vehicles. By using gasoline, we are trading dwindling fresh water for fuel. This is obviously absurd. So I suggest using high-test hydrogen peroxide. It is easy to make, and anyone can easily concentrate hydrogen peroxide in any kitchen.

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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Surveillance State Patsies Being Liquidated

::: by blues :::

First — this:

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Reuters — Wed Apr 17, 2013 1:54pm EDT — Boston bomb suspect in custody: CNN [CNN via Reuters?]

http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/17/us-usa-explosions-boston-arrest-idUSBRE93G0WD20130417

(Reuters) – Authorities have arrested a suspect in the Boston Marathon bombings based on security video that showed a man depositing a bag at the bomb scene before the blasts, CNN reported on Wednesday, citing U.S. and Boston law enforcement sources.
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Then — Reuters decides to venture out on its own, and finds out that the arrested alleged perpetrator is now conveniently dead:

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Reuters — Fri Apr 19, 2013 5:51am EDT — Suspect in Boston Marathon bombing died of gunshot and possible [possible?] blast wounds, doctor says

http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/19/us-usa-explosion-boston-doctor-idUSBRE93I0C820130419

The man arrived at the hospital in cardiac arrest, the doctor from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston told reporters.
“There were signs of more than just gunshot wounds,” said the doctor, who did not give his name.
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These apparently motiveless young former students were probably set up as patsies in order to “justify” a new total surveillance state. A mass observation culture, where an eleet ruling patrician observer class oversees the submissive subordinate observee class. The wealthy info-eleet will be entertained by the spectacle of our misery. The relationship will be non-reciprocal with no info-equity at all. All information about the wealthy info-eleet will be classified Top Secret, so the info-pleb observees will never be allowed to know what the eleet are doing and enjoying.

A brave, and naked, new world. Big brother “loves” you!

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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What Is “Information?”

::: by blues :::

Physicists have a lot to say about what they perceive as “information.” They use mathematics that is even peculiar to them to describe it. (They are still, apparently, messing around with Claude Shannon’s bits, logarithms, uncertainty of communication, etc.) But really, what is it? Years ago, I came up with a “dimensional” way of answering the question. It was not elegant; and it went (almost) nowhere. The mathematical “real numbers” can be conceived as being “one dimensional.” That is, they describe quantities such as “how long,” “how heavy,” “how hot,” etc.

The most basic mathematical “functions” are two-dimensional — they are curves on a (flat) plane. The theory gets a bit messy here, since sketches made with soft chalk on flat canvases could just as well be called “functions.”

So real numbers are one-dimensional. “Basic” functions are two dimensional. Boolean values would be “in” or “out,” “yes” or “no,” or “true” or “false,” etc. Clearly they are zero-dimensional. They are not entities that have the quality of being “more” or “less,” They either “are” or they “are not.” This all makes clear sense, yet it goes nowhere by itself.

I used to work for the State of Connecticut, in the U.S.A. as a surveyor’s assistant, planning long highways. They were very long, and so we would have to take “earth curvature” into account. In ancient times, for ships sailing on the vast oceans, this was done with something called spherical trigonometry. Distances on our spherical earth were measured in degrees of arc, rather than in, say, meters. A spherical triangle is formed by the shortest distance (on a globe) of three points. Etc. If we ignored this earth curvature, roads from New York State would simply not quite meet up with roads from the State of Connecticut. That would be a very bad thing!

Now this is all absurd from the point of view of the ordinary land surveyor. He or she would do a “cadastral” (line-by-line) survey, which is concerned with pieced-together bits of evidence, such as stone walls, iron pipes driven into the ground, and sometimes, fences. It was all performed using precision instruments. But there was no thought at all given to “earth curvature!” It was taken for granted that the earth was basically flat, and it would be ridiculous take into account tiny distortions caused by earth curvature. I worked at jobs doing both types of surveying. But these ways of thinking, though perfectly logical, were completely incompatible! This means that, for human beings, two-dimensional information is fundamentally incompatible with three-dimensional information. Basically, three dimensional information cannot be faithfully represented in terms of two dimensional information. Yet, it is usually necessary to think of geography in terms of two dimensional information. The physical universe manages to operate with no difficulties arising from the discrepancies between a “flat world” and a “round world.” It is “monological”. Everything fits together, and there is no possibility of any contradiction between chemistry, physics, mathematics, logic, and so on. The universe “talks to itself only.” But nonetheless, operating on a small scale, human beings (and most everything else) would waste vast amounts of energy by trying to take notice of earth curvature. Is this perhaps a line of demarcation between the human and the rest of the universe? A human being has a brain that can negotiate discrepancies between incompatible systems of logic. The essence of sentience is that it has the ability to negotiate between inconsistent systems. Between the two dimensional and the three dimensional, for example.

There exist other incompatible systems in the world that must be reconciled. Human speech is not an “monological” process. That is, it is not at all like mathematics or physics. In monological systems, everything locks together into a totally coherent process. This has engendered a fallacy that has persisted for 2,500 years. Human speech is a “dialogical” (mediated) system, much like an advanced biological system. It is a system comprised of subsystems that are in fact somewhat incompatible, and which thus require the services of a computational apparatus (the human mind) to mediate their mutual interference.

Now, consider the biology of your physical being, for example: Your brain requires glucose constantly; it demands 25% of the ATP energy of your cells. But that glucose is rather toxic to most every other organ in your body. So the size of your brain is not so important as the size of your liver. Humans have huge livers to keep their blood free of neurologically disruptive chemicals, and they work with the pancreas to balance the insulin that keeps the brain running without the glucose in the bloodstream poisoning every other organ. This is not an monological system that runs automatically. This “dialogical” system is fundamentally unstable, and requires the mediation of many mutually interfering subsystems by a DNA/protein computer, which must run constantly to maintain a tenuous dialog.

The brain is another computational system whose main function is the mediation of mutually interfering subsystems. One of them is language. So, language is not amenable to ordinal proofs and corollaries. It can only be understood in terms of typology and “comprehensive closure” (an approximate, yet detailed and reasonably accurate “fitting of things together”). We can observe its organs and their interactions, but we will never arrive at proofs and corollaries.

The science of computing is merely at the threshold of becoming able to manage incompatible dialogical systems. For example, if a computer program is tasked with dividing three by zero, the machine could just “crash,” or it could “throw an exception,” which might be “handled” by some special sub-program. This sort of solution is often seen as awkward. In fact it is the first step toward the evolution of dialogical (sentient) systems.

Mutually inconsistent systems can sometimes co-operate via the implementation of stochastic methods. Decisions can be made by lackadaisical coin-tossing, but that will not usually give adequate results.

What we think of as “information” is really always the product of dialogical mediated systems, that are alive, or intelligent, or (sometimes) merely computational.

And the entire human enterprise of “science” has always been a never-ending attempt to represent information in the zero-dimensional form, manifested as written and spoken words.

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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The Real Truth Of The Cyprus “Haircut”

::: by blues :::

They say that Cyprus initially got in trouble by foolishly lending money to bankster-infested Greece. The thing about Cyprus is that it’s main “industry” is the off-shore tax shelter racket “business.” They “shelter” many tens of $billions of Russian mafia loot. But also many tens of $billions of Russian Government funds! (Just don’t ask.) And when Greece went belly-up, both the Russian mafia and the Russian Government stood to be looted — Unless somebody would “bail out” the Cypriot banks.

That would be the Russian Government itself, or the austerity-loving IMF. Putin was not keen at all on bailing out (throwing away sovereign wealth at) the Russian oligarchs, but the IMF wanted to impose a 10% confiscation of all Cypriot bank deposits, plus the usual austerity measures (libertarian “social cuts”). If no bail-out agreement was finalized before 3/25/13, Cyprus would become instantly bankrupt and would exit the European Union. Add to all this that Cyprus is largely comprised of Turkish (an Islamic NATO country) ethnics in its North, and Greek (largely Orthodox Christian non-NATO) ethnics in its South (and so a civil war happens on-and-off).

The game of chicken went on until the very last moment. Putin refused to budge. The protests got so tremendous that Cyprus had to limit bank account confiscation to accounts larger than €100,000. But the austerity cuts were still in play. So at the very last moment before 3/25/13, the IMF winked, and agreed to do the bailout (with austerity measures).

The Russian oligarchs (mostly former KGB) are certainly going to leave a body trail. But NATO didn’t get Russia to bail them out. Putin knew that Cyprus had become too expensive.

Wait for the “humanitarian” intervention when the Turkish Cypriots rebel.

(By clicking HERE you can read or write comments below.)

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